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Version: 0.7

Create a Push Data Source

This guide shows you how to create a PushSource that processes records sent to the Stream Ingest API.

Defining a Push Data Source

A PushSource is used by a StreamFeatureView to generate feature values using data from both the stream and batch sources. A StreamFeatureView applies the same transformation to both data sources.

In addition to the metadata needed to define Tecton objects, a PushSource needs a schema and optionally a batch_config:

  • schema: This is the schema of the push source, i.e. the schema of the events that will be pushed to Tecton, and to the online store. We will use this schema to validate the JSON users send to Tecton. The types supported by the API are the same ones supported by the Feature Server.
  • batch_config: The configuration for a batch source that backs the push source. Must contain at least all the columns defined in the schema.
    • You can use post_processor to match values to the push source schema. The batch source defined by the batch_config contains the stream's historical data. It will be used to backfill feature data into the online store.
    • If the batch_config is not specified, then the only way to populate the data source for testing is by sending records to the Stream Ingest API.
    • The value of the batch_config can be the name of an object (such as HiveConfig) or a Data Source Function. A Data Source Function offers more flexibility than an object.

The following example declares a PushSource object.

from tecton import PushSource, HiveConfig
from tecton.types import String, Int64, Timestamp, Field

input_schema = [
Field(name="user_id", dtype=String),
Field(name="timestamp", dtype=Timestamp),
Field(name="clicked", dtype=Int64),
]


def post_processor_batch(df):
from pyspark.sql.functions import col

df = df.select(
col("user_id").cast("string").alias("user_id"),
col("timestamp").cast("timestamp").alias("timestamp"),
col("clicked").cast("long").alias("clicked"),
)
return df


impressions_event_source = PushSource(
name="impressions_event_source",
schema=input_schema,
batch_config=HiveConfig(
database="demo_ads",
table="impressions_batch",
post_processor=post_processor_batch,
timestamp_field="timestamp",
),
description="Sample Push Source for ad impression events",
)

You can then create a StreamFeatureView with the PushSource you created to test it.

from datetime import datetime, timedelta
from tecton import StreamFeatureView, FilteredSource, BatchTriggerType

click_push_fv = StreamFeatureView(
name="click_events_fv",
source=FilteredSource(impressions_event_source),
entities=[user_id],
online=True,
offline=True,
feature_start_time=datetime(2022, 10, 10),
batch_schedule=timedelta(days=1),
ttl=timedelta(days=7),
description="The count of ad clicks for a user",
batch_trigger=BatchTriggerType.MANUAL,
)
  • When parameter online is set to False, events sent to the Stream Ingest API won't be written to the Online Store, but will still be validated.

Once applied successfully, this Push Source and Stream Feature View is ready for Streaming Ingest. Please note, there may be a few seconds delay after the tecton apply before the API can accept records for the Push Source.

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